24th October 1964
Form of State
Unitary headed by a Republican President who is elected by universal suffrage for a term of five years
The President and his appointed cabinet
National Assembly: comprising 150 members of parliament elected by universal suffrage for five-year terms.
President has the discretion to nominate an additional 8 members.
An independent Judiciary headed by the Chief Justice
Political System & Main Political Parties
Multiparty Democracy. The Patriotic Front (PF) is the ruling party. The main political parties in opposition include: Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD); the United Party for National Development (UPND); Forum for Democracy and Development (FDD); United National Independence Party (UNIP); Heritage Party (HP) and National Restoration Party (NAREP) .